Oral inflammation involves the vascular and cellular response of tissues to an injury. There are two types of oral inflammation: acute and chronic.

About Oral Inflammation

Oral inflammation can occur after a traumatic injury or due to poor hygiene. Oral inflammation needs professional dental attention, and it may need to be treated with root canal therapy.

Treated oral inflammation.

Acute Inflammation

As is said in the AAE Glossary of Endodontic Terms, acute inflammation is “a response that is abrupt in onset and short in duration characterized by the exudation of fluid, serum proteins, inflammatory mediators and cells, mainly polymorphonuclear leukocytes into the area of injury.” If the agent that is causing acute inflammation persists, this inflammation can become chronic inflammation.

Chronic Inflammation

Chronic inflammation is often preceded by acute inflammation, but it can occur on its own. Chronic inflammation is a “response that is slow in onset and of long-standing duration characterized by proliferation of fibroblasts and vascular endothelium and an influx of lymphocytes, plasma cells, macrophages and inflammatory mediators,” says the AAE Glossary of Endodontic Terms.